Ust-Kulom (local Kulomdin) is the center of the Ust-Kulom area. It is located 189 I from Syktyvkar, on the right bank of the Vychegda at the mouth of the Kulom (Kulom) river, which is reflected in its name. The hydronym is of Ugric origin: in Mansi "kul "fish". In Komi "yu" is "river". So Kulomyu is a "fish river". The population is 6,053. The colonization of the Verkhnyaya Vychegda lands by the Komi started only in the 17 th century, when Zauralye was conquered by Russian tsars, and Vogul raids was stopped.

The first written mention of Ust-Kulom dates back to 1646. There was Church of Nicholas the Miracle Worker, 1 house (of the priest) and 12 peasant households - whose residents mostly had come from Vishera. The population in the upper reaches of the Vychegda grew in the second half of t 17th century, and a separate area was organized, with its center in Ust-Kulom. The migrants came to Ust-Kulom later. The village had become a large administrative and economic center by the late 19th century. There were local administration offices, the zemstvo post office, a school and 3 churches there. Fairs were conducted annually from December 6 to January 1. There were approximately 1,500 people living in U Kulom. In 1921 Ust-Kulom became the center of the huge Ust-Kulom uyezd (which included the territories of today's Troitsko-Pechorsk, Kortkeros and Vuktyl areas and also the upper reaches of the Izhma). The uyezd was abolished in 1929, and territory was divided among several areas. Ust-Kulom became the center of the Ust- Kulom area.

The Ust-Kulom timber industry enterprise was organized in the same year. The population in 1992 was 6,263.